It comes after convenience store operator McColl was fined £150,000 for failing to protect its staff during a series of store robberies in Merseyside.
The case was brought by Wirral Council, who argued that the company’s “failure to carry out risk assessments for shop staff exposed them to a risk of workplace violence”, as well as other health and safety breaches.
The six incidents took place between April 2011 and February 2012. One robbery left a shop manager with concussion, another member of staff was threatened with a knife, and some of the staff said they were so traumatised, they did not feel they could work in a shop again.
At the hearing, the court heard that shop staff had raised concerns about the lack of lockable doors into back room areas and the need for CCTV.
In finding the company guilty of the charges, the judge pointed to the “systemic failings both on and before the date of the actual robberies” and stressed the importance of risk assessment saying: “The absence of proper and adequate risk assessments is where things started to go fundamentally wrong”.
Although there are no general restrictions on working alone, the starting point for any employer is Section 2 of the Health and Safety at Work Act 1974, which requires employers to take care of the health, safety and welfare at work of all employees, as far as reasonably practicable, together with Regulation 3 of the Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999, which requires employers to assess the health and safety risks to which employees are exposed whilst at work.
Said Alexandra Dean, employment partner at Gepp & Sons solicitors: “The important thing is to ensure that lone working is subject to risk assessment, just like any other category or process, so lone workers are not placed in more risk by the nature of the role.
“Clearly, some types of business are more likely to be the target of criminals or other work-related violence. It often comes down to cost and many retailers have abandoned their no lone working at night policies due to rising costs, but the more vulnerable the business, the more carefully you should consider the associated risks.
“It’s worth remembering also, that whilst this case involved Wirral Council bringing criminal proceedings that resulted in a fine, workers can equally consider bringing civil proceedings, if there is a clear case of negligence on the part of the employer resulting in loss or damage to the employee.”
Alex added: “It’s important to have a clear policy, and to make sure that everyone in the company knows , understands and implements it.”
A useful guide to lone working is published by the Health and Safety Executive and can be downloaded from their website : http://www.hse.gov.uk/pubns/indg73.pdf
This is not legal advice; it is intended to provide information of general interest about current legal issues.